Needs Analysis


In order for a sport specific training program a needs analysis must first be conducted. It is important that goals are derived from observations of the sporting group or individual. These observations look at the 3 main areas 1: physiological, 2: psychological & 3: technical. This enables the observer, often head coach, to determine which areas are weak and strong. Often the weaknesses are looked at first to create an all round better athlete.

Over the initial 3 sessions observations were made and with conversations with my supervisor; it is evident that the group are at different stages. It was best to establish effective grouping for all to benefit. A bleep test has been used previously to determine their performance, plus competition times/distances.


A bleep Test has been used to give an “indirect Vo2 max test” of the athletes on the 20th November 2012 (MacKinnon, 2003;  Coulson &  Archer, 2009). The results indicate that the athletes are ready to increase their aerobic sessions over the winter periodization at Lincoln Wellington Athletics Club.


All athletes vary from one to another. However most athletes respond in similar ways to coaching styles and session tasks. In order to give all athletes a positive environment, a democratic coaching style was preferred by my supervisor. This also allowed to athlete to be aware of their learning and the strengths and weaknesses.


Observations were used to identify technical ability of movement. Research in correct movement skills were crucial for effective athlete development. Linda also stated that all athletes are currently aware of the fundamentals of running, however other events were more vague.


The above suggests that the athletes are in good physical condition and can improve their performance with effective session planning and delivery. Technically the athletes can progress into more complex moves, such as the long jump.