Session 8: Relays

Winter is starting to bring jack frost to life. This kept most athletes snug and cosy in their homes, plus the christmas market is now open for buisness.

Training started 5 minutes later to allow athletes to get to the track, this is due to traffic conditions.

Although the athletes were cold to start we soon got their hearts racing and warm(dynamic warm up), especially one individual who took their jumper off.

We mentioned in a team talk the upcoming boston cross country and grantham cross country, over 11 needed to pay LWAC and they will put the forms in for them, under 11 can turn up on the day or download a pre-booking form online.

After a drink pause we continued to 3x(10x25m) continious realays with 5min breaks.

As the athletes did so well we played a short game and they determined what game they wanted to play next time as well: radar tag? I will look into this further to determine what it is.

Also the chip run has been moved from 20th thursday to 18th tuesday .


Body as Communicator

In this video Kevin Carroll, presentation coach, explains the importance of body language when giving a speech or presentation.


Body language – gestures, facial expressions, eye movement, breathing patterns, skin colour changes, muscle tone, interpersonal distance, and posture – is thought to play a key role in sport, as the majority of communication there is done through the body (BPS, 2012).

According to the New York Times (2006), positive body language is essential in sports because it holds a team together and promotes effective communication. Winning is the common goal in sports, and poor body language can convey that you are not a team player or that you have lost confidence and respect for your fellow teammates. Positive nonverbal communication can solidify a team and help build both communication and respect. NCBI (2010) reports touching forms of nonverbal communication, such as a high-five or pat on the back, build cooperation and improve performance.


Body language will be focused on in future sessions and the impact of engagement and enjoyment will be noted.

References (2012). The key role of body language in sport | BPS. [online] Available at: [Accessed: 29 Nov 2012]. (2010) Tactile communication, cooperation, and performance: an ethological study of the NBA. [online] Available at: [Accessed: 29 Nov 2012]. (2006) Language of a Losing Team? Read Their Bodies – New York Times. [online] Available at: [Accessed: 29 Nov 2012].


Session 6: Road Run

Today will be challenging for the athletes as it involves running on the road at a coach delivered pace and not theirs. This will link well with grouping as it will display which athletes are more aerobically tuned. It will be noted for future road runs to generate the best session intensity for the individuals to improve their performance.

Also before and after the run, discussion on opportunity of athlete led warm ups and plyometric study participation will be presented.

In the reflection, the groups of individuals will be named by colour for confidentiality reasons

Session 5: 1K Reflection

On the 27th November 2012 the athletics group undertook a dynamic warm up, 2 x 1000m and a warm down game of bull dog.

In our session us coaches decided to let the new volenteer to deliver to warm up to allow her to delevop and gain more confidence.

She decided to use an autocratic style at first which soon adapted to a democratic way: Guided descovery.

For the main session of 1000m efforts, our group was joined by another. However the other group was differentiatiated from us as they had a faster pace. positive reinforcement was used to encourage athletes to continue at this cold time of year.

At the end we gave them an opportunity what warm down they would like to do; all voted for bulldog. This acts a positive behaviour management, as  a reward system.

My coaching on this day was less involved as I wanted the new volenteer to have more control over the session; building confidence to take a main session in the near future.

All in all the athletes worked hard and played hard at the end. It was a well delviered and participated session.

Differentiation: Grouping

Morley and Bailey (2006) state grouping is a key part for success. This enables PE participants to operate at a high level and challenge themselves and others. It is suggested this works better with equal abilities and not mixed. Freeman (1998) refers that average participants benefit from mixed grouping and specific grouping for talented participants.

Research has stated that mixed method for teaching is in decline in other subjects (Benn & Chitty, 1996). PE still exhibits mixed abilities. There are strategies on how more talented can help others, but this can have negative impacts aswell. These can be that the talented become average as they miss vital technique for their sport.

For a teacher or coach it is important to realize the importance of grouping in certain ways to enhance provision for talented athletes (Morley & Bailey, 2006)

Grouping systems

(Morley & Bailey, 2006)


(Gregory & Chapman, 2007)

The above clearly indicate different ways to sellecting groups to coach and teach. The research will be adopted to the next session on tuesday 27th November 2012.


BENN, C., & CHITTY, C. (1996). Thirty years on: is comprehensive education alive and well or struggling to survive?  London, David Fulton Publishers.

FREEMAN, J. (1998). Educating the very able: current international research. London, Stationery Office.

Gregory, G. H., & Chapman, C. (2007). Differential instructional strategies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

MORLEY, D., & BAILEY, R. (2006). Meeting the needs of your most able pupils in PE/sports. London, David Fulton.


Session 4: 600m Challenge Reflection

Today’s session really showed the athletes determination. The weather was not on our sides with 35mph winds and light rain, which turned into heavy rain just after the cool down.

The warm up was fast pace and was delivered quickly due to the cold weather. However there were signs of some athletes disengaged with the session as the chattered while instruction was given. This caused a distraction for the others, with which I pointed out and asked them do you know what you are doing now (positive behavior management)? For which I received the response: no, ’cause I can’t hear you because of the wind. This was fine and I pulled the group in closer so all could hear well.

The main session was delivered in the standard way of one coach being at the beginning and one at the end, this is to ensure safe distance between athletes and to provide motivation.

All athletes performed well considering the weather conditions, their bleep test results also represented their pace at the 600m.

Session 3: Bleep Test Reflection

Bleep Test 20/11/2012

Due to confidentiatlity the individuals scores are kept secret. Each athlete can obtain thier score from the notice board in the hub on Tuesday 27th November 2012. Below is a report done in SPSS to find the mean value of the group.

  Std. Deviation

This shows the athletes are at a stage to increase their current intensity in training. A scheme of work will be developed from this and uploaded before Tuesday 27th November 2012.